Despite recent breakthroughs, there is no cure or vaccine for HIV.
People living with HIV and/or AIDS are usually treated with a combination of antiretroviral medications that disrupt and suppress the replication of HIV in the body. Antiretroviral treatment has helped shift HIV from a terminal illness to a manageable chronic disease, but it is not a cure. Until a cure is found, people living with HIV and/or AIDS need to take antiretroviral medication – which can have side effects ranging from headaches and stomach discomfort to liver damage, heart disease, and severe skin rash – for the rest of their lives.
For detailed information about HIV treatment in Canada, please visit CATIE’s Treatment page: http://www.catie.ca/en/treatment/hiv